Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an examination conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore and the seven Indian Institutes of Technology (at Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee) on behalf of the National Coordination Board (NCB)-GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India.
Qualifying in GATE is a mandatory requirement for seeking admission and/or financial assistance to: (i) Master’s programs and direct Doctoral programs in Engineering/Technology/Architecture and (ii) Doctoral programs in relevant branches of Science, in the institutions supported by the MHRD and other Government agencies. Even in some colleges and institutions, which admit students without MHRD scholarship/assistantship, the GATE qualification is mandatory. Further, many Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) have been using the GATE score in their recruitment process.
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is basically an examination on the comprehensive understanding of the candidates in various undergraduate subjects in Engineering/Technology/Architecture and post-graduate level subjects in Science. GATE will be conducted for 23 subjects (also referred to as “papers”) and it would be distributed over 3rd, 4th, 10th & 11th of February . The GATE examination centres are spread in different cities across India, as well as, at six cities abroad. It would purely be a Computer Based Test (CBT).
The GATE score would reflect the relative performance level of the candidate in a particular subject, which is quantified based on the several years of examination data. Note that the GATE score is valid for THREE YEARS from the date of announcement of the results.
GATE is administered jointly by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (namely, IITs at Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee). The GATE Committee, which comprises of representatives from the administering institutes, is the sole authority for regulating the examination and for declaring the results. For administrative purposes, the examination cities in India are segregated into eight zones. The operations related to GATE, in each of the eight zones, are managed by a Zonal GATE Office at the administering institute (IIT or IISc). One of the administering institutes is designated as the Organizing Institute (OI), and it would be responsible for the end-to-end process, as well as, the overall coordination amongst the administering institutes for conducting GATE. The Organizing Institute for GATE
is Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IITG).
Zones and the corresponding administrative institutes for GATE
Zone Administering Institute GATE Zonal Websites
Zone-1 Indian Institute of Science Bangalore http://gate.iisc.ac.in/
Zone-2 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay http://www.gate.iitb.ac.in/
Zone-3 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi http://gate.iitd.ac.in/
Zone-4 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati http://www.gate.iitg.ac.in/
Zone-5 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur http://gate.iitk.ac.in/
Zone-6 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur http://gate.iitkgp.ac.in/
Zone-7 Indian Institute of Technology Madras http://gate.iitm.ac.in/
Zone-8 Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee http://www.iitr.ac.in/gate/
Scholarship/Assistantship for Post-graduate Programs
To avail the financial assistance (scholarship/assistantship), the candidate must first secure the admission to a program in one of the central government supported institutes, by a procedure that could vary from institute to institute. Depending upon the norms adopted by a specific institute or department of the institute, a candidate may be admitted directly into a course based on: his/her performance in GATE only; or based on his/her performance in GATE and an admission test/interview conducted by the department to which he/she has applied and/or the candidate’s academic record. In the test/interview based selection procedure, as per the MHRD guidelines, a minimum of 70% weightage will be given to the performance in GATE and the remaining will be given to the candidate’s performance in test/interview and/or academic record. However, the admitting institutes could prescribe a minimum passing marks in the test/interview.
Candidates are advised to seek the complete details of the admission procedures and the availability of MHRD scholarship/assistantship from the corresponding admitting institutions. The criteria for postgraduate admission with scholarship/assistantship could be different for different institutions. The management of the post-graduate scholarship/assistantship is also the responsibility of the admitting institution. Similarly, reservation of the seats for different categories will be as per the policies and norms of the admitting institution and the Government of India rules.
The admitting institute may also specify the number of candidates who will be provided financial assistance (scholarship), if admission is secured. Qualification in GATE is also a minimum requirement to apply for various fellowships awarded by many Government organizations.
Note: 1. Call for admissions to M.Tech./Ph.D. will be advertised separately by the respective institutions and GATE committee is not responsible for the admission process.
2. GATE zonal offices will not entertain any enquiry about admission, reservation of seats and/or award of scholarship/assistantship.
Use of GATE score for Employment
In the past, several Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) have used GATE scores to shortlist the candidates for employment. A few such organizations are: Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) and Power Grid Corporation of India.
Direct recruitment to Group A level posts in Central government, i.e., Senior Field Officer (Tele), Senior Research Officer (Crypto) and Senior Research Officer (S&T) in Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India, is now being carried out on the basis of GATE score. The details of the scheme of recruitment are normally published in National Newspapers/Employment News by the concerned authority. Some other Government of India Organizations have also expressed their interest to utilize GATE score for their recruitment purpose.
Note: GATE administration is not responsible for employment opportunities. The qualified candidates must check newspapers and other reliable sources for any such information.
- IIT Guwahati is the organizing institute for GATE .
- Information website for GATE is www.gate.iitg.ac.in
- GATE will be conducted on 23 subjects (also referred to as “papers”).
- Examination for all the 23 subjects (papers) will be conducted as ONLINE Computer Based Test (CBT).
- The online examination paper will contain some questions for which numerical answers must be keyed in by the candidate using the virtual keypad. Rest of the questions will be of Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) type. The Candidates will use ONLY an on-screen virtual calculator provided for the examination.
- A candidate can appear only in ANY ONE paper of the GATE examination.
- GATE examinations will be held during the forenoon and afternoon sessions on 3rd, 4th, 10th and 11th of February .
- Examination for some of the papers in GATE may be held in multiple sessions.
- However, a candidate can appear for the examination in one session ONLY.
- Exact details of the complete examination schedule will be notified later on the GATE website.
- Candidates have to register and fill the application via ONLINE mode ONLY at GATE
- Online Application Processing System (GOAPS). The link will be made available on GATE website (www.gate.iitg.ac.in).
- The entire process of filling up of the application form and uploading of certificates/documents, etc. is in online mode only. The candidates should not send any hard copy of his/her application form/documents etc. to IIT Guwahati or any of the zonal GATE offices.
- The payment of application fees is through electronic mode.
- The Admit Cards for GATE would be available only on GOAPS website. Candidates can download their Admit Card from GOAPS website. No printed copy of the Admit Cards will be posted to the candidates.
- The candidate has to appear at the GATE Examination Centre on the date and time specified in the Admit Card.
- No request for any changes in the Centre or Date/Time specified in the Admit Card will be entertained. Similarly, this being an examination body with certain constraints, candidates needing very special or specific facility for the examination may not be entertained. Hence, candidates are requested to adhere to the facilities that are possible within the ambit and resources of GATE Examination Body.
- Physical calculators, mobile phones and wristwatches are strictly prohibited and candidates possessing these in the examination hall (even if not using) will be disqualified.
- Biometric information (Photograph and Fingerprints) for randomly selected candidates may be captured before the start of the examination.
- In all matters concerning GATE, the decision of the GATE Committee will be the final and binding on all the applicants.
- Although GATE will be held at different test centres across the country, the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, being the Organizing Institute, bears the overall responsibility of conducting GATE . In case of any claims or disputes arising with respect to GATE, it is hereby made absolutely clear that the Gauhati High Court in Guwahati alone will have the exclusive jurisdiction to entertain and settle them.
Pre-Examination Related Information
Eligibility for GATE
Before starting the application process, the candidate must ensure that he/she meets the educational eligibility criteria of GATE, which are enumerated in following Table:
Qualifying Degree/ Examination
Description of Eligible Candidates
Bachelor’s degree holders in Engineering/ Technology (4 years after 10+2 or 3 years after B.Sc./Diploma in Engineering/Technology)
Currently in the final
Bachelor’s degree holders of Architecture (5 years course)
Currently in the final
Bachelor’s degree in Science (Post-Diploma/4 years after 10+2)
Currently in the 4th
M. Sc./M.A./MCA or equivalent
Master’s degree in any branch of Science/ Mathematics/ Statistics/
Currently in the final
Post-BSc Integrated Master’s degree programs in Engineering/ Technology (4 years program)
Currently in the 2nd/
Int. M.E./M.Tech. or Dual Degree (after
Integrated Master’s degree program or Dual Degree program in Engineering/Technology (5 years program)
Currently in the 4th/ 5th year or already completed
Integrated M.Sc. or 5 years integrated B.S.-M.S. program
Currently in the final
B.E./B.Tech./B.Arch. equivalent examinations of Professional Societies, recognized by MHRD/ UPSC/AICTE (e.g., AMIE by Institution of Engineers-India, AMICE by the Institute of Civil Engineers-India)
Completed Section A or equivalent of such professional courses
Candidates who have obtained/are pursuing their qualifying degree from countries other than India:
i) must have completed or are in the final year of their Bachelor’s degree (duration: at least 4 years) in Engineering/Technology or; ii) must have completed or are in the final year of their Post Graduate (Master’s) degree (duration: at least 2 years) in any relevant subjects in science.
Note: If a candidate is pursuing any higher degree or has already obtained a degree higher than that mentioned in the above Table, the candidate should select the minimum required qualifying degree while filling the application form.
Documents Required in Support of Eligibility (Eligibility Documents)
- In case the candidate has already passed one of the qualifying examinations listed in Table, he/she has to submit (i.e. upload) the degree certificate/provisional certificate/course completion certificate/professional certificate/membership certificate issued by the institute or society.
- In case, the candidate is expected to complete one of the qualifying criteria specified in Table, he/she has to upload a Certificate from the Head of the Department/Institute (in the format given in Appendix A) or a copy of marksheet for Section A of AMIE. This certificate must mandatorily have the signature and seal of the Head of Institute/Department with current date.
Note: Eligibility Document, as applicable, has to be uploaded only while filling the online application and NOT to be sent by post.
GATE will be conducted on 23 subjects (papers). A candidate is allowed to appear in ONLY ONE paper in any ONE SESSION.
The syllabus for each of the papers is given on GATE website www.gate.iitg.ac.in. Making a choice of the appropriate paper in the GATE application is the responsibility of the candidate. Some guidelines in this respect are suggested below. Candidates are expected to appear in a paper appropriate to the discipline of their qualifying degree. However, candidates are free to choose any one of the GATE papers as per their admission or employment plan, while keeping in mind the eligibility criteria for the institutions in which they wish to seek admission/employment. For more details regarding the admission criteria in any particular institute, the candidate is advised to refer to the website of that institute. Candidates must learn about the paper code of their choice, as this information is essential during making the application, as well as, during the examination. As the candidates are permitted to appear in ONLY ONE of the 23 papers of the GATE, they should make their choice (of the paper), with due care. After submission of application, any change of paper is NOT permitted.
If a candidate makes more than one application for the same paper, he/she will be allowed to appear in any one session ONLY. One of the duplicate/triplicate applications will be considered and the remaining applications will be rejected without any refund of application fee.
Table: List of GATE Papers and Corresponding Codes
Choice of Examination City: The candidate can choose THREE cities from the list of examination cities given in Table. The first and second choices must be from the same GATE zone and third choice can be from any GATE zone.
If a candidate chooses a particular city (in a particular zone) as the first choice, then he/she will be able to choose the city of second choice ONLY from that particular zone. However, third choice can be from any one of the listed cities (i.e., no restriction on the zone for the third choice city). Note that, because of the operational constraints, the GATE Committee reserves the right to add a new city or remove an existing one, and allot a city that may not be from any of the choices selected by the candidate.
Application for GATE must be submitted ONLINE (through GOAPS website, http://appsgate.iitg.ac.in) by paying necessary application fee. For GATE, all information related to the application process will be available in the GOAPS website. The photograph, signature, certificate of qualifying degree, category certificate (SC/ST/PwD) and/or Dyslexic certificate, wherever applicable, must be uploaded during the online application. Candidates must enter the ID number specified in any one of the following IDs: Passport, PAN Card, Voter ID, Aadhaar-UID, College ID, Employee ID and Driving License. The candidates who do not possess any of these identity cards, may please procure any one of them before making the application. Please note that the GATE application form is not available for sale or otherwise anywhere.
GATE Application Fee
The application fee is NEITHER refundable NOR transferable. Payments have to be made online by using either net banking or debit card or credit card. As per the prevailing norms, additional online transaction charges or bank charges can be applicable. These charges will be specified on the payment portal.
Details of Application Fee for GATE:
For Examination Centres in India
SC/ST/PwD* category candidates
All other candidates
For Examination Centres in Foreign Countries (All Candidates)
Addis Ababa, Colombo, Dhaka and Kathmandu
Dubai and Singapore
Note: The application fee mentioned above DOES NOT INCLUDE service charges, processing fees and any other charges that the banks may levy.
*PwD means Persons with Disability.
GATE Online Application Processing System (GOAPS)
GOAPS: http://appsgate.iitg.ac.in is the webpage/web address of the GATE Online Application Processing System (GOAPS). It can also be accessed from the GATE website (http://www.gate.iitg.ac.in). GOAPS also provides an online interface to the candidate for interacting with the GATE administration. With this interface, a candidate can:
• Apply for the examination.
• Upload photograph, signature and other documents like qualifying degree certificate/Certificate from the Head of the Department/Institute (in the format given in Appendix A) and category certificate (SC/ST/PwD) and/or Dyslexic certificate as applicable.
• Pay the application fee through any of the electronic payment modes.
• Check the Status of the application form: Received, Under scrutiny, Accepted, Defect status, Status after rectification, Rejected with valid reasons, Admit Card ready for download, etc.
• Download Admit Card.
• View your answers, marks and GATE score.
• Download GATE scorecard.
GOAPS Registration: A candidate must first register by providing Full Name (as per the qualifying degree certificate), a valid e-mail address, mobile number and by choosing a password. All communications from the GATE Offices will be sent to this e-mail address (ONLY ONE PERSON CAN REGISTER WITH ONE e-mail ADDRESS). Give your personal mobile number and e-mail address, because most of the communication will be through e-mail and/or SMS.
GOAPS Enrollment ID: Each GOAPS registered candidate will be provided with an Enrollment ID. Upon registration, an e-mail containing the GOAPS Enrollment ID will be sent to the candidate. This Enrollment ID will be the reference ID for all future communication. GOAPS Password: The candidate has to choose a password during Enrollment at GOAPS. This password must be remembered along with the GOAPS Enrollment ID to login to GOAPS. It is strongly recommended to choose a password that cannot be guessed easily (it should not be the candidate’s name, date of birth, or some easily guessable string of numbers or letters like 12345 or abcd). Keep your password information safe, secure and confidential.
Filling in GATE Application
After due registration, GATE application must be filled and submitted ONLINE only at GOAPS.
Candidates are discouraged from making application through a third person. If someone else (friend or Internet café person) is filling the application on behalf of the candidate, the candidate must ensure that the data submitted are correct. Based on the earlier experiences, submission through a third person is highly discouraged to ensure an error free application. Data Requirement for Filling the Application Form: The following data will be required while filling the form at GOAPS:
• Personal information (name, date of birth, personal mobile number, parents’ name, parents’ mobile number, etc.). Please note that the name of the candidate in the application form must exactly be the same as that in the qualifying degree certificate or the certificate issued by the Head of the Department/Institute in which the candidate is pursuing his/her study. GATE scorecard will be issued as per the name entered in the application form. Prefix/title such as Mr/Shri/Dr/Mrs/Smt, etc. should NOT be used before name.
• Address for Communication (including PIN code)
• Eligibility degree details
• College name and address with PIN code
• GATE paper (subject)
• Choice of GATE examination cities
• High quality image of candidate’s photograph conforming to the requirements specified
• Good quality image of candidate’s signature conforming to the requirements specified
• Scanned copy of the Eligibility Certificate in pdf format (Degree Certificate or Provisional Certificate or Certificate from the Head of the Department/Institute (in the format specified in Appendix A)
• Scanned copy of Category (SC/ST) certificate (if applicable) in pdf format
• Scanned copy of PwD Certificate (if applicable) in pdf format
• Scanned copy of Dyslexic Certificate (if applicable) in pdf format
• Details of the valid Identity Document (ID) (The same ID, in original, should be carried to the examination hall)
• Net-banking/debit card/credit card details for fee payment
Application Filling: The GOAPS allows you to enter the data, save partially filled form, logout, and resume filling the form by logging in again. The GOAPS portal is self-explanatory and user-friendly. Additional help information required in filling various fields in the GOAPS portal will also be made available. Before proceed to payment, the candidate is advised to view the filled-in application form by clicking “Save and View Application” button. Please check carefully for any errors in the data entered in the application form. Once the candidate clicks “Submit and Proceed to Payment” button, no further changes to the application can be made.
Problems in Login into GOAPS: In case of forgotten user ID or password, follow the instructions on the GOAPS portal to retrieve them.
Candidates have to specify ANY ONE of the following Identity Documents (IDs) during the online application process and enter the document number specified over there:
Passport, PAN Card, Voter ID, Aadhaar-UID, College ID, Employee ID and Driving License. On the examination day, the candidate must bring the original ID proof along with the GATE Admit Card. Candidates will NOT be permitted to take the examination, in case this original and valid photo identification document is not presented during the examination. For international candidates, ONLY a valid Passport/Government issued ID/College ID/Employee ID will be accepted as the recognized identification document.
Category (SC/ST) Certificate
Candidates who belong to SC or ST category have to upload a valid documentary proof (for getting the concession in application fee). Certificate issued ONLY by the authorized officials will be valid (refer to Appendix C, for a list of Authorities Empowered to Issue SC/ST Certificate). Necessary actions will be initiated for any wrongdoing and misinformation. The same document is required to be submitted to the admitting institution at the time of admission. The onus of verifying SC/ST certificate lies with the admitting institute. The GATE committee will not be responsible for any incorrect declaration in this regard.
NOTE: OBC-NCL candidates are NOT required to submit/upload any category certificate while filling the online application form.
Person with Disability (PwD) Certificate
In order to avail the application fee concession under the Person with Disability (PwD) category, the candidates should attach a recently obtained and proper PwD certificate issued by the competent authority. Benefit would be given to those who have at least 40% impairment irrespective of the type of disability. The same document is required to be submitted to the admitting institution at the time of admission. The onus of verifying PwD certificate lies with the admitting institute. The GATE committee will not be responsible for any incorrect declaration of the PwD status of candidates. Those PwD candidates who have physical limitation to take examination, including that of speed, may request for availing the services of a scribe. The scribe will be provided by the GATE authorities.
To avail the services of a scribe, the dyslexic candidates should attach a proper dyslexic certificate issued by any Dyslexia Association (refer to Appendix C, for Authorities Empowered to Issue Dyslexic Certificate). The scribe will be provided by the GATE authorities. The same document is required to be submitted to the admitting institution at the time of admission. The onus of verifying dyslexic certificate lies with the admitting institute. The GATE committee will not be responsible for any incorrect declaration of the dyslexic status of candidates.
Photograph and Signature Requirements
The GATE application requires that your photograph and signature are to be uploaded electronically at GOAPS. Uploading photograph and signature that does not meet the specifications can result in the disqualification of the application without any refund of the application fee.
• Please upload only good quality photograph. The GATE scorecard will be printed with the photograph that you have submitted.
• The photograph must match with your appearance on the day of the examination.
• A passport size (3.5 cm Width × 4.5 cm Height) photograph of the face of the candidate is required for the application form.
• The photograph must be in COLOR and taken after 01 August 2017 in a professional studio. Photographs taken using a mobile phone and other self-composed portraits may result in rejection of the application.
• Request photo studio to provide the image of your photo in a JPEG format and also on a standard 3.5 cm × 4.5 cm (Width × Height) print.
• Maximum size for JPEG can be 480×640 in pixels (0.3 Mega pixel) (Request photo studio to reduce it to this resolution if it is higher). Minimum size for JPEG should be 240×320 pixels.
• Background of the photograph must be white or a light color.
• The face should occupy at least 50% of the area of the photograph with a full-face view looking into the camera directly.
• The main features of the face must not be covered by hair of the head, any cloth or any shadow. Forehead, eyes, nose and chin should be clearly visible.
• If you normally wear spectacles, a photograph with glare on glasses is not acceptable in your photo. While you may wear spectacles for the photo shoot, if the glare cannot be avoided, then remove the spectacles.
• In addition, you must not wear spectacles with dark or tinted glasses.
• Poor quality of the photograph submitted will lead to rejection of your GATE application, without any refund of the application fee.
• Please draw a rectangular box of size 2 cm × 7 cm (Height × Width) on an A4 white paper. Sign with black or dark blue ink pen within this box.
• The signature with all CAPITAL LETTERS or in any other color (other than black and blue) will NOT be accepted.
• Get the digital image of the rectangular box (with your signature inside) scanned by using a professional scanner. Crop it to the border of the box.
• Only JPEG image format will be accepted.
• The maximum image size for the signature can be 160×560 in pixels.
• The minimum image size for the signature should be 80×280 in pixels
Application Fee Payment Options
From the GOAPS portal, the candidate will be redirected to the payment gateway webpage, which provides the payment options. The fee can be paid with net-banking or debit/credit card. The fee amount and bank charges will be shown to you, and you will have to confirm that the payment is for GATE. Once you confirm and the payment is successful, you will be redirected back to the GOAPS website, from where you will be able to download the pdf copy of application form by clicking “Download Application Form” button. If you have a difficulty (due to internet connection or power failure problems, for example), and you are not sure whether your payment has been processed or not, then please login back to GOAPS after some time and check the status of the payment. You can also check the status of transaction from your bank account. In case, the fee amount has been debited (deducted) from your bank account, but GOAPS does not acknowledge any fee payment, then the money will be credited back to your account. However, this may take a week or more, after the closure of the application process. In such a situation, you may initiate a fresh payment on GOAPS without waiting for the money to be credited back to your account. This will ensure that your application submission will be on time (within the deadline). Before submitting the GATE Application Form, please ensure that all the details and all the necessary supporting documents are filled/uploaded and there is NO ERROR in that process. An application once submitted CANNOT be changed/rectified. As a checklist the candidate MUST verify that he/she has filled in and uploaded the following information, whichever is applicable:
• Personal information (name, date of birth, personal mobile number, parent’s/guardian’s name, parent’s/guardian’s mobile number, etc.).
• Address for Communication (including PIN code).
• Eligibility degree details (College address, PIN code of college).
• Eligibility documents required to appear in GATE (e.g., degree certificate, Certificate from the Head of the Department/Institute, etc.).
• Category certificate (SC/ST/PwD) in case a concession in application fee is claimed.
• Good quality image of a recent photograph conforming to the requirements specified.
• Good quality image of signature conforming to the requirements specified.
• Details of the same valid ID Proof that will be carried to the examination hall.
Important: It is essential that the candidate fills-in the details in GOAPS without ANY ERROR. The application is liable to be REJECTED if there is any error.
Application Scrutiny and Rectification
All the applications submitted for GATE examination will be scrutinized for the accuracy of the data, which include uploaded supporting documents, clarity of the photograph and signature. If everything is found to be in order, the application will be accepted. Otherwise, defects in the application will be marked and intimated to the candidate for rectification, which needs to be carried out within a stipulated time. The status of the application and defects identified in the application will be intimated to the candidates by an e-mail and/or SMS. The current status of an application will be updated after its receipt and scrutiny by the respective zonal GATE offices. The status of your application can be checked anytime by logging into GOAPS. Candidates should act quickly in rectifying the defects in the application and definitely before the stipulated deadline. Failing to rectify the defects within the stipulated time can lead to the rejection of the application and no further communication will be entertained in this regard.
The Admit Card for GATE will be available ONLY on GOAPS website. A candidate has to download his/her Admit Card from this website. The Admit Card would be available for download, tentatively from 5th January. Note that the Admit Cards will NOT be sent to the candidates by post/e-mail. Candidates must bring a print-out of the downloaded Admit Card to the Examination for
the verification along with the original and valid photo Identity Document (NO photocopy/scanned copy/NOT an expired document), which was specified during the filling up of the online application (for example: Passport, PAN card, Voter ID, Aadhaar-UID, College ID, Employee ID and Driving License). The Admit Card is valid if and ONLY if the candidate’s photograph and signature images are clear and legible. The photograph on the Admit Card and that in the valid photo identity document should match with the appearance of the candidate on the day of examination. To ensure this, print the Admit Card on an A4 sized paper using a laser printer, preferably a color printer. Both, the GATE Admit Card and the Original ID proof are essential for entry into the examination hall.
GATE Examination Related Information
A candidate can appear for only one of the 23 GATE papers. The examination for all the papers will be conducted in an ONLINE Computer Based Test (CBT) mode where the candidates will be shown the questions on a computer screen. A Virtual Scientific Calculator will be available on the computer screen during the examination. Candidates have to use the same during the examination. Personal calculators, wristwatches, mobile phones or any other electronic devices are NOT allowed inside the examination hall. Candidates should not bring any charts/tables/papers into the examination hall. GATE officials will not be responsible for the safe-keep of the candidates’ personal belongings. Scribble pads will be provided to the candidates for any rough work. The candidate has to write his/her name and registration number on the scribble pad before he/she starts using it. The scribble pad must be returned to the invigilator at the end of the examination. Syllabus for each of the papers, previous years GATE (model) question papers, and mock examination links along with virtual scientific calculator will be available on GATE website: www.gate.iitg.ac.in.
All the papers of the GATE examination will be for 3 hours duration and they consist of 65 questions for a total of 100 marks. Since the examination is an ONLINE computer based test, at the end of the stipulated time (3-hours), computer will automatically close the screen inhibiting any further action.
Candidates will be permitted to occupy their allotted seats 40 minutes before the scheduled start of the examination. Candidates can login and start reading the instructions 20 minutes before the start of examination. Candidate will NOT be permitted to enter the examination hall after 09:30 hours in the forenoon session and after 14:30 hours in the afternoon session. Candidates will NOT be permitted to leave the examination hall before the end of the examination.
GATE Question Papers
Pattern of Questions
GATE would contain questions of two different types in all the papers:
(i) Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each in all the papers and sections. These questions are objective in nature, and each will have a choice of four answers, out of which the candidate has to select (mark) the correct answer.
Negative Marking for Wrong Answers: For a wrong answer chosen in a MCQ, there will be negative marking. For 1-mark MCQ, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2-mark MCQ, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.
(ii) Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions carrying 1 or 2 marks each in all the papers and sections. For these questions, the answer is a signed real number, which needs to be entered by the candidate using the virtual numeric keypad on the monitor (keyboard of the computer will be disabled). No choices will be shown for these type of questions. The answer can be a number such as 10 or -10 (an integer only). The answer may be in decimals as well, for example, 10.1 (one decimal) or 10.01 (two decimals) or -10.001 (three decimals). These questions will be mentioned with, up to which decimal places, the candidates need to make an answer. Also, an appropriate range will be considered while evaluating the numerical answer type questions so that the candidate is not penalized due to the usual round-off errors. Wherever required and possible, it is better to give NAT answer up to a maximum of three decimal places. There is NO negative marking for a wrong answer in NAT questions.
In all the papers, there will be a total of 65 questions carrying 100 marks, out of which 10 questions carrying a total of 15 marks will be on General Aptitude (GA), which is intended to test the Language and Analytical Skills. In the papers bearing the codes AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF and XE, the Engineering Mathematics will carry around 15% of the total marks, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 70% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.
In the papers bearing the codes AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH and XL, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 85% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.
Design of Questions
The questions in a paper may be designed to test the following abilities:
(i) Recall: These are based on facts, principles, formulae or laws in the discipline of the paper. The candidate is expected to be able to obtain the answer either from his/her memory of the subject or at most from a one-line computation.
Q. During machining, maximum heat is produced
(A) in flank face (B) in rake face
(C) in shear zone (D) due to friction between chip and tool
(ii) Comprehension: These questions will test the candidate’s understanding of the basics of his/her field, by requiring him/her to draw simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.
Q. A DC motor requires a starter in order to
(A) develop a starting torque (B) compensate for auxiliary field ampere turns
(C) limit armature current at starting (D) provide regenerative braking
(iii) Application: In these questions, the candidate is expected to apply his/her knowledge either through computation or by logical reasoning.
Q. The sequent depth ratio of a hydraulic jump in a rectangular channel is 16.48. The Froude
number at the beginning of the jump is:
(A) 5.0 (B) 8.0 (C) 10.0 (D) 12.0
The questions based on the above logics may be a mix of single standalone statement/phrase/data type questions, combination of option codes type questions or match items type questions.
(iv) Analysis and Synthesis: In these questions, the candidate is presented with data, diagrams, images, etc. that require analysis before a question can be answered. A Synthesis question might require the candidate to compare two or more pieces of information. Questions in this category could, for example, involve candidates in recognizing unstated assumptions, or separating useful information from irrelevant information.
Marking Scheme – Marks and Questions Distribution
General Aptitude (GA) Questions
In all papers, GA questions carry a total of 15 marks. The GA section includes 5 questions carrying 1-mark each (sub-total 5 marks) and 5 questions carrying 2-marks each (sub-total 10 marks).
Question Papers other than GG, XE and XL
These papers would contain 25 questions carrying 1-mark each (sub-total 25 marks) and 30 questions carrying 2-marks each (sub-total 60 marks) consisting of both the MCQ and NAT Questions.
GG (Geology and Geophysics) Paper
Apart from the General Aptitude (GA) section, the GG question paper consists of two parts: Part A and Part B. Part A is compulsory for all the candidates. Part B contains two sections: Section 1 (Geology) and Section 2 (Geophysics). Candidates will have to attempt questions in Part A and questions in either Section 1 or Section 2 of Part B. Part A consists of 25 questions carrying 1-mark each (sub-total 25 marks and some of these may be numerical answer type questions). Either section of Part B (Section 1 and Section 2) consists of 30 questions carrying 2-marks each (sub-total 60 marks and some of these may be numerical answer type questions).
XE Paper (Engineering Sciences)
A candidate appearing in the XE paper has to answer the following:
• GA – General Aptitude carrying a total of 15 marks.
• Section A – Engineering Mathematics (Compulsory): This section contains 11 questions carrying a total of 15 marks: 7 questions carrying 1-mark each (sub-total 7 marks), and 4 questions carrying 2-marks each (sub-total 8 marks). Some questions may be of numerical answer type.
• Any two of XE Sections B to H: The choice of two sections from B to H can be made during the examination after viewing the questions. Only TWO optional sections can be answered at a time. A candidate wishing to change midway of the examination to another optional section must first choose to deselect one of the previously chosen optional sections (B to H). Each of the optional sections of the XE paper (Sections B through H) contains 22 questions carrying a total of 35 marks: 9 questions carrying 1-mark each (sub-total 9 marks) and 13 questions carrying 2-marks each (sub-total 26 marks). Some questions may be of numerical answer type.
XL Paper (Life Sciences)
A candidate appearing in the XL paper has to answer the following:
• GA – General Aptitude carrying a total of 15 marks.
• Section P– Chemistry (Compulsory): This section contains 15 questions carrying a total of 25 marks: 5 questions carrying 1-mark each (sub-total 5 marks) and 10 questions carrying 2-marks each (sub-total 20 marks). Some questions may be of numerical answer type.
• Any two of XL Sections Q to U: The choice of two sections from Q to U can be made during the examination after viewing the questions. Only TWO optional sections can be answered at a time. A candidate wishing to change midway of the examination to another optional section must first choose to deselect one of the previously chosen optional sections (Q to U). Each of the optional sections of the XL paper (Sections Q through U) contains 20 questions carrying a total of 30 marks: 10 questions carrying 1-mark each (sub-total 10 marks) and 10 questions carrying 2-marks each (sub-total 20 marks). Some questions may be of numerical answer type.
Post-Examination Related Information
Post examination events are as follows:
1. After the GATE examinations, candidates’ responses will be available at GOAPS.
2. Answer keys for various GATE papers will be displayed in GATE website.
3. Candidates may submit their contests on the answer keys provided for a very limited time period against a payment.
4. Evaluation of examination papers will be finalized and GATE results (Score) will be announced.
5. GATE scorecard will be made available for the qualified candidates from GOAPS.
After the evaluation of the answers, the actual (raw) marks obtained by a candidate will be considered for computing the GATE Score. For multi-session papers (subjects), raw marks obtained by the candidates in different sessions will be converted to Normalized marks for that particular subject. Thus, raw marks (for single session papers) or normalized marks (for multi-session papers) will be used for computing the GATE Score based on the qualifying marks.
Calculation of Normalized Marks for Multi-session Papers
In GATE, examination for some papers may be conducted in multi-sessions. Hence, for these papers, a suitable normalization is applied to take into account any variation in the difficulty levels of the question papers across different sessions. The normalization is done based on the fundamental assumption that “in all multi-session GATE papers, the distribution of abilities of candidates is the same across all the sessions”. This assumption is justified since the number of candidates appearing in multi-session papers in GATE is large and the procedure for allocation of session to candidates is random. Further, it is also ensured that for the same multi-session paper, the number of candidates allotted in each session is of the same order of magnitude. Based on the above, and considering various normalization methods, the committee arrived at the following formula for calculating the normalized marks for the multi-session papers.
Calculation of GATE Score for All Papers
For all papers for which there is only one session, actual marks obtained by the candidates will be used for calculating the GATE Score. For papers in multi-sessions, normalized marks will be calculated corresponding to the raw marks obtained by a candidate and the GATE Score will be calculated based on the normalized marks.
GATE results will be announced around mid March and will be available on the GOAPS Website. GATE score is valid for THREE YEARS from the date of announcement of the results.
After the declaration of results, the qualified candidates can download their GATE Scorecards (for the paper which candidates have taken the examination). The GATE scorecards can be downloaded between 20 March to 31 May from the GOAPS portal.
In case, a GATE qualified candidate requires the soft copy of his/her GATE Scorecard after 31 May and till 31 December, should pay a fee of 500 (five hundred only) for obtaining the same.
There is no provision for the issue of hard copies of the GATE Scorecards.
GATE at International Centres
GATE examinations will be conducted in the following cities abroad: Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), Colombo (Sri Lanka), Dhaka (Bangladesh), Dubai (UAE), Kathmandu (Nepal), Singapore. The application fee for Dubai (UAE) and Singapore centres is US$ 100; and for the remaining it is US$ 50. Candidates of any nationality can opt for international centres.
• Candidates who have obtained/are pursuing their qualifying degree from countries other than India: (i) must have completed or are in the final year of their Bachelor’s degree (duration: at least 4 years) in Engineering/Technology or; (ii) must have completed or are in the final year of their Post Graduate (Master’s) degree (duration: at least 2 years) in any relevant science subject.
• For candidates at international centres, ONLY a valid Passport/Government issued ID/College ID/Employee ID will be accepted as the recognized identification.
• For Foreign nationals, SC/ST/PwD categories are NOT APPLICABLE.
• The session timing at GATE International Centres will be as per their local time and it will be notified well in advance.
• The application procedure remains same for Foreign nationals as that of Indian nationals.
• The candidates opting for international examination centres will be contacted only through their e-mail. However, mobile numbers can be used only when the GATE Organizing Institute intends to communicate an important information to them.
CODE OF CONDUCT
All the candidates appearing for GATE Examination must comply strictly with the following Rules and Regulations:
• Candidates appearing for GATE examination must carry Admit Card and original valid photo-identity proof inside the examination hall.
• Scribble pads will be provided to the candidates in the examination hall by the invigilators. The same should be used for all rough work. Candidates should write their name and registration number on the scribble pads. The scribble pads must be returned to the invigilators after the end of the examination.
• Carrying mobile phones (even in the switched-off mode), wristwatches and calculators inside the examination hall is strictly prohibited.
• Carrying of any other electronic devices that can be used for communication or for any other purpose, and printed or hand-written textual materials, inside the examination hall is strictly prohibited.
• All means of communication (verbal or otherwise) among the candidates inside the examination hall are strictly prohibited.
• Candidates should not tamper with the computer and the related hardware provided in the examination hall. Candidates found to have tampered with these willfully, will have their candidature cancelled summarily. In addition, appropriate legal action will be initiated against such candidates.